* share in structure of GDP
About the region
The Kamchatka Region is located at the peninsular, which is washed by the Sea of Okhotsk from the west and by the Bering Sea and Pacific Ocean from the east. Administrative centre of the region is Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, which is one of the oldest Russian cities of the Far East (XVII century).
Multifunctional sea port, located at the bank of Avacha Bay, provides the exit to the global ocean and is considered to be one of the most promising supporting ports at the eastern part of the Northern Sea Route (NSR). Flight connection with the mainland is performed via Elizovo international airport. Beside internal and regular flights to large Russian cities, there are flights to China (Beijing) and the USA (Anchorage) from Elizovo airport.
Kamchatka is called a region of volcanoes. There are about 300 large and middle volcanoes, including 29 active ones, at the peninsular. Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano (with a height of 4750 m) is considered to be the largest volcano in Eurasia. Volcanoes, all year round alpinist and ski centers, unique Valley of Geysers (which is considered to be one of seven wonders of Russia), about 200 geothermal sources, picturesque bays, forests and rivers attract Russian and foreign tourists to Kamchatka. Every year cruise liners with travelers from the USA, Japan, Canada and Germany come to Kamchatka.
In prospect, tourism may become one of the leading branches of the region’s economy, together with fishing industry, as well as extraction and processing of commercial minerals. The share of Kamchatka in National crop of fish and other marine products is about 20%. Fisheries sector occupies 50% in the total volume of industrial production (record rate among the regions of Far Eastern Federal District). About 1.2 mln. ton of bioresources, including 1 mln. ton of sea fish, 150-200 thousand ton of salmon, 20 thousand ton of invertebrates, including 10 thousand ton of crab and 30 thousand ton of algae, are caught in the waters of Kamchatka rivers and adjacent seas. A net of fish processing plants and workshops is created at Kamchatka. Fish products are exported abroad - to the countries of Asian-Pacific Region (Korean Republic, Japan, the USA, China, Hong-Kong, Singapore), as well as to Europe.
Gold, nickel, platinum, silver are mined at Kamchatka. One of the largest nickeliferous provinces, occupying 3rd-4th places in the list of largest global deposits of this class of minerals, is located at the peninsular. Ultimate reserves of gold in this region are estimated as 450-800 t. Inferred resources of offshore deposits are 1.8 bln. ton of oil and 2.3 tcm of gas. Besides, Kamchatka has significant hydroelectric potential.
Kamchatka region is included into the list of regional leaders according to the rates of agricultural development. In 2014 index of agricultural production of the region increased by 11% (at that, average growth in the RF was less than 4%). Basic agricultural branches are animal breeding, poultry breeding, vegetable production. Kamchatka is famous for fur-trade. Fur of sable, fox, blue fox, and seal from Kamchatka is highly valued all over the world. Besides, deer farming is well developed in the region - large pastures are located in the north of Kamchatka.