* share in structure of GDP
About the region
The Republic of Buryatia is located in the centre of Asia, in the south of Eastern Siberia. Administrative centre of the region is Ulan-Ude. In 15 km from the city there is Baikal international airport, which provides flight connection with Moscow, cities of Eastern Siberia, as well as international flights to Beijing, Manchuria, Cam Ranh (Vietnam), Antalya (Turkey), Bangkok (Thailand).
Industrial complex of the Buryat Republic is based on machine building and metal processing, electric energy, non-ferrous industry, food and fuel industry, timber, wood processing and pulp and paper industry, which take 95.1% of the total volume of industrial products, produced in the Republic of Buryatia. More than 700 fields of different commercial minerals are proved at the territory of Buryatia. This number includes 247 gold fields. Gold reserves are 100.7 ton, tested inferred resources of hardrock gold are estimated as 1311 t. According to the level of gold mining, Buryatia takes the 9th place in Russia and the third place in Siberian Federal District, and according to the gold reserves - 14th place among the RF territorial entities. The list of strategic types of raw mineral resources includes 7 fields of tungsten, 13 - of uranium, 4 - of complex ores, 2 - of molybdenum and beryllium, one of stannum and one of aluminium. Besides the following fields are proved: 8 fields of fluorspar, 10 - of brown coal and 4 - of bitumen coal, 2 fields of asbestos, a range of fields of nephrites and construction raw materials, as well as apatites, phosphorites, graphites and zeolites. Buryatia owns 48% of Russian in-place zinc reserves, 24% - of plumbum, 37% - of molybdenum, 27% - of tungsten, 16% - of fluorspar, 15% - of chrysotile asbestos.
Buryatia is known for several large game reserves and national parks, which include Barguzin State Biosphere Reserve, Djerginsky State Natural Reserve, Transbaikal National Park, Tunkinsky National Park. Forests occupy about 83% of the republic’s territory. More than half of the territory of the Buryat Republic is located in the basin of Baikal - the deepest lake on the planet, largest natural freshwater pool (contemporary value of maximum lake depth is 1642 m). Baikal bottom is 1167 km lower than the global ocean level, and its water surface is 455.5 m higher than the global ocean level. Territory of Baikal’s water surface is 31.7 thousand sq. m (without consideration of islands), which is almost equal to the territory of such countries, like Belgium or the Netherlands. According to the water surface, Baikal takes the seventh place among the largest lakes in the world.